Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews

Paul wrote this epistle to the Jews to show them that the law of Moses had been fulfilled in Jesus Christ.
Paul also taught the the preeminence of Christís priesthood over the Levitical priesthood. Jesus Christ was "Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek."
Paul warns againts apostasy and perdition. Apostasy is an intentional falling away and rejection of Jesus Christ.
Chapter 1
Paul testifies of the divinity of Jesus Christ.
[1] God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
[2] Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
[3] Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Chapter 2

Paul teaches Psalms 8:4-6.
[6] But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?
[7] Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:
[8] Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.
[9] But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Paul also teaches about Jesus Christ's empathy for man.
[18] For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
†Chapter 3
Paul refers to the faithfulness of Moses and to the disobedience of the children of Israel in the wilderness. The Israelites could not enter the promised land because they were disobedient.
Paul writes
[14] For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
Chapter 4
Paul teaches the Saints about entering into the rest of the Lord. He also writes
[14] Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
[15] For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
[16] Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Chapter 5
Paul teaches that Jesus Christ was "Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek." (Alternate spelling: Melchisedec.)
Paul also wrote of Christ:
[9] And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
Chapter 6
Paul teaches concerning those who have tasted of the heavenly gift and are made partakers of the Holy Ghost. These people cannot be renewed unto repentance if they fall away because they would crucify the Son of God afresh and put him to open shame.
These people are called "sons of perdition." (2 Thessalonians 2:3, Hebrews 10:39)
This teaching only applies to those who have had extraordinary visions and spiritual manifestations and who have then become apostates.
Chapter 7
Abraham paid tithing to Melchizedek, who was a priest of the most high God.
Salvation comes through the intercession of Jesus Christ.
Chapter 8
Jesus Christ is a "mediator of a better covenant."
God made a new covenant with the house of Israel and Judah.
Chapter 9
Paul describes the tabernacle and the ark of the covenant. He describes the service that the priests rendered in the tabernacle. The priests offered sacrifices using the blood of calves and goats.
Jesus Christ being a high priest offered his own blood and obtained eternal redemption for us.
Jesus Christ is the "mediator of the new testament." He "put away sin by the sacrfice of himself."
Chapter 10
Paul teaches that the blood of bulls and goats does not take away sin.
We are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once and for all.
[14] For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
[15] Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,
[16] This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
[17] And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
[18] Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
[19] Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,
Paul warns against apostasy
[26] For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
Chapter 11
Paul gives an excellent sermon on faith.
[1] Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
Paul gives examples from the Old Testament in chronological order. Paul cites the faith of Able, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Sara, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, and others.
[13] These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
These people eventually received promised blessings through the atonement and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Some further examples are:
By faith, the children of Israel passed through the Red sea as by dry land, but the Egyptian soldiers drowned.
By faith, the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.
There are many lessons to be drawn from this chapter including sacrifice, obedience, rejecting worldly riches, withstanding temptation, and patiently enduring persecution and other trials.
The final reward is to obtain a "better resurrection," according to verse 35.
Chapter 12
Paul teaches that the Lord chasteneth those whom he loves.
[7] If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?
[11] Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.
Chapter 13
Paul gives some proverbs:
[2] Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.
[8] Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
Paul expresses his desire to see the Hebrews again.

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